Sovereign bonds now yield higher than traditional bank deposits – and can be sold easily. A 10-year government bond yields around 6.80% semi-annually, compared with 5.40-6.30% offered by the State Bank of India across categories for similar-maturity fixed deposits.
Daily transactions, running into lakhs of rupees now, could gain momentum if the government agrees to the central bank suggestion that interest earned on these bonds be tax-exempt for retail buyers, said people aware of the buying trends.
“Even if interest payment is waived from income taxes depending on slabs and ceilings, it will give a big push,” said an executive familiar with the matter.
Central bank governor Shaktikanta Das, in November, launched the ambitious retail direct plan aiming to draw household savings to a hitherto opaque government bond market dominated by banks and institutional investors. The platform has likely reported over 60,000 registrations since its introduction on November 12 last year.
Although government bond markets are institutional in nature across the world, the experiment in India so far shows that retail funds could be attracted with adequate incentives and ease of transactions. The Clearing Corp of India (CCIL) facilitates the trades and primary dealers are mandated to provide two-way quotes.
To boost retail participation, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is said to have suggested that interest in the hands of investors from the Retail Direct platform be exempt from income tax, akin to tax-free bonds. The government is yet to decide on the matter.
The RBI is also set to begin a country-wide awareness campaign with the dedicated counter offering opportunities to earn higher yields.
The RBI did not respond to ET’s queries until press time.
The objective is to reach at least 1% of the country’s total population in the next two years, sources said. Individuals can open a retail direct gilt account with the RBI using an online portal. The minimum investment is pegged at ₹10,000. This means that if 14 million people are tapped, individuals can invest a minimum of ₹14,000 crore, roughly equal to the quantum of one or two sets of bonds auctioned by Mint Road in a week.
Trading in the 35,000 accounts opened so far is increasing.
The rise in non-competitive bids reflects retail participation in primary auctions. Last week, the government of Rajasthan received 16 non-competitive bids for ₹103.4 crore, compared with 11 bids for ₹51 crore in November.
In the secondary market, up to 35 trades are taking place on average through these accounts.
A state government bond from Rajasthan or Sikkim yields in the range of 7.20%-7.24% with a 10-year maturity show the latest primary sale data from the RBI.